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Butterbur

Identify It >   Wildflowers Section >   Butterbur >





Scientific name:  Petasites hybridus

Size:  Grows to a height of 70cm

Distribution:  Found throughout the U.K.

Flowering months:  March to May

Habitat:  Found mostly in damp wooded areas, especially around the edges of ponds, lakes and streams

Special features:  The butterbur is actually a member of the daisy family.  It's huge leaves can grow to 100cm across, and years ago people used to wrap butter in them, hence the common name for this plant.  During the middle ages, the roots were used to remove skin blemishes.  The butterbur flower spikes are popular with early bumble bees. The flowers are a pale purple colour, and male and female flowers grow on separate plants.

There is also an invasive species called white butterbur (Petasites albus).  It is a native of mountainous parts of Europe and South West Asia and was introduced to the UK in the late 1600's.  The flower heads tend to be more spherical and the leaves are much more pointed.

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